pandas.pivot_table

pandas.pivot_table(data, values=None, index=None, columns=None, aggfunc='mean', fill_value=None, margins=False, dropna=True, margins_name='All')[source]

Create a spreadsheet-style pivot table as a DataFrame. The levels in the pivot table will be stored in MultiIndex objects (hierarchical indexes) on the index and columns of the result DataFrame

Parameters:

data : DataFrame

values : column to aggregate, optional

index : column, Grouper, array, or list of the previous

If an array is passed, it must be the same length as the data. The list can contain any of the other types (except list). Keys to group by on the pivot table index. If an array is passed, it is being used as the same manner as column values.

columns : column, Grouper, array, or list of the previous

If an array is passed, it must be the same length as the data. The list can contain any of the other types (except list). Keys to group by on the pivot table column. If an array is passed, it is being used as the same manner as column values.

aggfunc : function, list of functions, dict, default numpy.mean

If list of functions passed, the resulting pivot table will have hierarchical columns whose top level are the function names (inferred from the function objects themselves) If dict is passed, the key is column to aggregate and value is function or list of functions

fill_value : scalar, default None

Value to replace missing values with

margins : boolean, default False

Add all row / columns (e.g. for subtotal / grand totals)

dropna : boolean, default True

Do not include columns whose entries are all NaN

margins_name : string, default ‘All’

Name of the row / column that will contain the totals when margins is True.

Returns:

table : DataFrame

See also

DataFrame.pivot
pivot without aggregation that can handle non-numeric data

Examples

>>> df = pd.DataFrame({"A": ["foo", "foo", "foo", "foo", "foo",
...                          "bar", "bar", "bar", "bar"],
...                    "B": ["one", "one", "one", "two", "two",
...                          "one", "one", "two", "two"],
...                    "C": ["small", "large", "large", "small",
...                          "small", "large", "small", "small",
...                          "large"],
...                    "D": [1, 2, 2, 3, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7]})
>>> df
     A    B      C  D
0  foo  one  small  1
1  foo  one  large  2
2  foo  one  large  2
3  foo  two  small  3
4  foo  two  small  3
5  bar  one  large  4
6  bar  one  small  5
7  bar  two  small  6
8  bar  two  large  7
>>> table = pivot_table(df, values='D', index=['A', 'B'],
...                     columns=['C'], aggfunc=np.sum)
>>> table
C        large  small
A   B
bar one    4.0    5.0
    two    7.0    6.0
foo one    4.0    1.0
    two    NaN    6.0
>>> table = pivot_table(df, values='D', index=['A', 'B'],
...                     columns=['C'], aggfunc=np.sum)
>>> table
C        large  small
A   B
bar one    4.0    5.0
    two    7.0    6.0
foo one    4.0    1.0
    two    NaN    6.0
>>> table = pivot_table(df, values=['D', 'E'], index=['A', 'C'],
...                     aggfunc={'D': np.mean,
...                              'E': [min, max, np.mean]})
>>> table
                  D   E
               mean max median min
A   C
bar large  5.500000  16   14.5  13
    small  5.500000  15   14.5  14
foo large  2.000000  10    9.5   9
    small  2.333333  12   11.0   8
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