pandas.get_dummies

pandas.get_dummies(data, prefix=None, prefix_sep='_', dummy_na=False, columns=None, sparse=False, drop_first=False, dtype=None)[source]

Convert categorical variable into dummy/indicator variables.

Parameters
dataarray-like, Series, or DataFrame

Data of which to get dummy indicators.

prefixstr, list of str, or dict of str, default None

String to append DataFrame column names. Pass a list with length equal to the number of columns when calling get_dummies on a DataFrame. Alternatively, prefix can be a dictionary mapping column names to prefixes.

prefix_sepstr, default ‘_’

If appending prefix, separator/delimiter to use. Or pass a list or dictionary as with prefix.

dummy_nabool, default False

Add a column to indicate NaNs, if False NaNs are ignored.

columnslist-like, default None

Column names in the DataFrame to be encoded. If columns is None then all the columns with object or category dtype will be converted.

sparsebool, default False

Whether the dummy-encoded columns should be backed by a SparseArray (True) or a regular NumPy array (False).

drop_firstbool, default False

Whether to get k-1 dummies out of k categorical levels by removing the first level.

New in version 0.18.0.

dtypedtype, default np.uint8

Data type for new columns. Only a single dtype is allowed.

New in version 0.23.0.

Returns
DataFrame

Dummy-coded data.

See also

Series.str.get_dummies

Convert Series to dummy codes.

Examples

>>> s = pd.Series(list('abca'))
>>> pd.get_dummies(s)
   a  b  c
0  1  0  0
1  0  1  0
2  0  0  1
3  1  0  0
>>> s1 = ['a', 'b', np.nan]
>>> pd.get_dummies(s1)
   a  b
0  1  0
1  0  1
2  0  0
>>> pd.get_dummies(s1, dummy_na=True)
   a  b  NaN
0  1  0    0
1  0  1    0
2  0  0    1
>>> df = pd.DataFrame({'A': ['a', 'b', 'a'], 'B': ['b', 'a', 'c'],
...                    'C': [1, 2, 3]})
>>> pd.get_dummies(df, prefix=['col1', 'col2'])
   C  col1_a  col1_b  col2_a  col2_b  col2_c
0  1       1       0       0       1       0
1  2       0       1       1       0       0
2  3       1       0       0       0       1
>>> pd.get_dummies(pd.Series(list('abcaa')))
   a  b  c
0  1  0  0
1  0  1  0
2  0  0  1
3  1  0  0
4  1  0  0
>>> pd.get_dummies(pd.Series(list('abcaa')), drop_first=True)
   b  c
0  0  0
1  1  0
2  0  1
3  0  0
4  0  0
>>> pd.get_dummies(pd.Series(list('abc')), dtype=float)
     a    b    c
0  1.0  0.0  0.0
1  0.0  1.0  0.0
2  0.0  0.0  1.0
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