pandas.Series.cumprod

Series.cumprod(self, axis=None, skipna=True, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Return cumulative product over a DataFrame or Series axis.

Returns a DataFrame or Series of the same size containing the cumulative product.

Parameters
axis{0 or ‘index’, 1 or ‘columns’}, default 0

The index or the name of the axis. 0 is equivalent to None or ‘index’.

skipnaboolean, default True

Exclude NA/null values. If an entire row/column is NA, the result will be NA.

*args, **kwargs :

Additional keywords have no effect but might be accepted for compatibility with NumPy.

Returns
scalar or Series

See also

core.window.Expanding.prod

Similar functionality but ignores NaN values.

Series.prod

Return the product over Series axis.

Series.cummax

Return cumulative maximum over Series axis.

Series.cummin

Return cumulative minimum over Series axis.

Series.cumsum

Return cumulative sum over Series axis.

Series.cumprod

Return cumulative product over Series axis.

Examples

Series

>>> s = pd.Series([2, np.nan, 5, -1, 0])
>>> s
0    2.0
1    NaN
2    5.0
3   -1.0
4    0.0
dtype: float64

By default, NA values are ignored.

>>> s.cumprod()
0     2.0
1     NaN
2    10.0
3   -10.0
4    -0.0
dtype: float64

To include NA values in the operation, use skipna=False

>>> s.cumprod(skipna=False)
0    2.0
1    NaN
2    NaN
3    NaN
4    NaN
dtype: float64

DataFrame

>>> df = pd.DataFrame([[2.0, 1.0],
...                    [3.0, np.nan],
...                    [1.0, 0.0]],
...                    columns=list('AB'))
>>> df
     A    B
0  2.0  1.0
1  3.0  NaN
2  1.0  0.0

By default, iterates over rows and finds the product in each column. This is equivalent to axis=None or axis='index'.

>>> df.cumprod()
     A    B
0  2.0  1.0
1  6.0  NaN
2  6.0  0.0

To iterate over columns and find the product in each row, use axis=1

>>> df.cumprod(axis=1)
     A    B
0  2.0  2.0
1  3.0  NaN
2  1.0  0.0
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