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Series.shift(periods=1, freq=None, axis=0)[source]

Shift index by desired number of periods with an optional time freq.

When freq is not passed, shift the index without realigning the data. If freq is passed (in this case, the index must be date or datetime, or it will raise a NotImplementedError), the index will be increased using the periods and the freq.


periods : int

Number of periods to shift. Can be positive or negative.

freq : DateOffset, tseries.offsets, timedelta, or str, optional

Offset to use from the tseries module or time rule (e.g. ‘EOM’). If freq is specified then the index values are shifted but the data is not realigned. That is, use freq if you would like to extend the index when shifting and preserve the original data.

axis : {0 or ‘index’, 1 or ‘columns’, None}, default None

Shift direction.



Copy of input object, shifted.

See also

Shift values of Index.
Shift values of DatetimeIndex.
Shift values of PeriodIndex.
Shift the time index, using the index’s frequency if available.


>>> df = pd.DataFrame({'Col1': [10, 20, 15, 30, 45],
...                    'Col2': [13, 23, 18, 33, 48],
...                    'Col3': [17, 27, 22, 37, 52]})
>>> df.shift(periods=3)
   Col1  Col2  Col3
0   NaN   NaN   NaN
1   NaN   NaN   NaN
2   NaN   NaN   NaN
3  10.0  13.0  17.0
4  20.0  23.0  27.0
>>> df.shift(periods=1, axis='columns')
   Col1  Col2  Col3
0   NaN  10.0  13.0
1   NaN  20.0  23.0
2   NaN  15.0  18.0
3   NaN  30.0  33.0
4   NaN  45.0  48.0
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