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Return a Numpy representation of the DataFrame.

Only the values in the DataFrame will be returned, the axes labels will be removed.



The values of the DataFrame.

See also

Retrievie the index labels
Retrieving the column names


The dtype will be a lower-common-denominator dtype (implicit upcasting); that is to say if the dtypes (even of numeric types) are mixed, the one that accommodates all will be chosen. Use this with care if you are not dealing with the blocks.

e.g. If the dtypes are float16 and float32, dtype will be upcast to float32. If dtypes are int32 and uint8, dtype will be upcast to int32. By numpy.find_common_type() convention, mixing int64 and uint64 will result in a float64 dtype.


A DataFrame where all columns are the same type (e.g., int64) results in an array of the same type.

>>> df = pd.DataFrame({'age':    [ 3,  29],
...                    'height': [94, 170],
...                    'weight': [31, 115]})
>>> df
   age  height  weight
0    3      94      31
1   29     170     115
>>> df.dtypes
age       int64
height    int64
weight    int64
dtype: object
>>> df.values
array([[  3,  94,  31],
       [ 29, 170, 115]], dtype=int64)

A DataFrame with mixed type columns(e.g., str/object, int64, float32) results in an ndarray of the broadest type that accommodates these mixed types (e.g., object).

>>> df2 = pd.DataFrame([('parrot',   24.0, 'second'),
...                     ('lion',     80.5, 1),
...                     ('monkey', np.nan, None)],
...                   columns=('name', 'max_speed', 'rank'))
>>> df2.dtypes
name          object
max_speed    float64
rank          object
dtype: object
>>> df2.values
array([['parrot', 24.0, 'second'],
       ['lion', 80.5, 1],
       ['monkey', nan, None]], dtype=object)
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