pandas.DataFrame.assign

DataFrame.assign(**kwargs)[source]

Assign new columns to a DataFrame, returning a new object (a copy) with all the original columns in addition to the new ones.

New in version 0.16.0.

Parameters:

kwargs : keyword, value pairs

keywords are the column names. If the values are callable, they are computed on the DataFrame and assigned to the new columns. The callable must not change input DataFrame (though pandas doesn’t check it). If the values are not callable, (e.g. a Series, scalar, or array), they are simply assigned.

Returns:

df : DataFrame

A new DataFrame with the new columns in addition to all the existing columns.

Notes

Since kwargs is a dictionary, the order of your arguments may not be preserved. To make things predicatable, the columns are inserted in alphabetical order, at the end of your DataFrame. Assigning multiple columns within the same assign is possible, but you cannot reference other columns created within the same assign call.

Examples

>>> df = DataFrame({'A': range(1, 11), 'B': np.random.randn(10)})

Where the value is a callable, evaluated on df:

>>> df.assign(ln_A = lambda x: np.log(x.A))
    A         B      ln_A
0   1  0.426905  0.000000
1   2 -0.780949  0.693147
2   3 -0.418711  1.098612
3   4 -0.269708  1.386294
4   5 -0.274002  1.609438
5   6 -0.500792  1.791759
6   7  1.649697  1.945910
7   8 -1.495604  2.079442
8   9  0.549296  2.197225
9  10 -0.758542  2.302585

Where the value already exists and is inserted:

>>> newcol = np.log(df['A'])
>>> df.assign(ln_A=newcol)
    A         B      ln_A
0   1  0.426905  0.000000
1   2 -0.780949  0.693147
2   3 -0.418711  1.098612
3   4 -0.269708  1.386294
4   5 -0.274002  1.609438
5   6 -0.500792  1.791759
6   7  1.649697  1.945910
7   8 -1.495604  2.079442
8   9  0.549296  2.197225
9  10 -0.758542  2.302585
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